Source code for hypothesis._settings

# coding=utf-8
# This file is part of Hypothesis, which may be found at
# Most of this work is copyright (C) 2013-2019 David R. MacIver
# (, but it contains contributions by others. See
# CONTRIBUTING.rst for a full list of people who may hold copyright, and
# consult the git log if you need to determine who owns an individual
# contribution.
# This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public License,
# v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this file, You can
# obtain one at

"""A module controlling settings for Hypothesis to use in falsification.

Either an explicit settings object can be used or the default object on
this module can be modified.

from __future__ import absolute_import, division, print_function

import contextlib
import datetime
import inspect
import threading
import warnings
from enum import Enum, IntEnum, unique

import attr

from hypothesis.errors import (
from hypothesis.internal.compat import integer_types, quiet_raise, string_types
from hypothesis.internal.reflection import get_pretty_function_description
from hypothesis.internal.validation import check_type, try_convert
from hypothesis.utils.conventions import UniqueIdentifier, not_set
from hypothesis.utils.dynamicvariables import DynamicVariable

if False:
    from typing import Any, Dict, List  # noqa

__all__ = ["settings"]

unlimited = UniqueIdentifier("unlimited")

all_settings = {}  # type: Dict[str, Setting]

class settingsProperty(object):
    def __init__(self, name, show_default): = name
        self.show_default = show_default

    def __get__(self, obj, type=None):
        if obj is None:
            return self
                result = obj.__dict__[]
                # This is a gross hack, but it preserves the old behaviour that
                # you can change the storage directory and it will be reflected
                # in the default database.
                if == "database" and result is not_set:
                    from hypothesis.database import ExampleDatabase

                    result = ExampleDatabase(not_set)
                return result
            except KeyError:
                raise AttributeError(

    def __set__(self, obj, value):
        obj.__dict__[] = value

    def __delete__(self, obj):
        raise AttributeError("Cannot delete attribute %s" % (,))

    def __doc__(self):
        description = all_settings[].description
        deprecation_message = all_settings[].deprecation_message
        default = (
            if self.show_default
            else "(dynamically calculated)"
        return "\n\n".join(
                "default value: ``%s``" % (default,),
                (deprecation_message or "").strip(),

default_variable = DynamicVariable(None)

class settingsMeta(type):
    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
        super(settingsMeta, self).__init__(*args, **kwargs)

    def default(self):
        v = default_variable.value
        if v is not None:
            return v
        if hasattr(settings, "_current_profile"):
            assert default_variable.value is not None
        return default_variable.value

    def _assign_default_internal(self, value):
        default_variable.value = value

    def __setattr__(self, name, value):
        if name == "default":
            raise AttributeError(
                "Cannot assign to the property settings.default - "
                "consider using settings.load_profile instead."
        elif not (isinstance(value, settingsProperty) or name.startswith("_")):
            raise AttributeError(
                "Cannot assign hypothesis.settings.%s=%r - the settings "
                "class is immutable.  You can change the global default "
                "settings with settings.load_profile, or use @settings(...) "
                "to decorate your test instead." % (name, value)
        return type.__setattr__(self, name, value)

class settings(settingsMeta("settings", (object,), {})):  # type: ignore
    """A settings object controls a variety of parameters that are used in
    falsification. These may control both the falsification strategy and the
    details of the data that is generated.

    Default values are picked up from the settings.default object and
    changes made there will be picked up in newly created settings.

    _WHITELISTED_REAL_PROPERTIES = ["_construction_complete", "storage"]
    __definitions_are_locked = False
    _profiles = {}  # type: dict
    __module__ = "hypothesis"

    def __getattr__(self, name):
        if name in all_settings:
            return all_settings[name].default
            raise AttributeError("settings has no attribute %s" % (name,))

    def __init__(self, parent=None, **kwargs):
        # type: (settings, **Any) -> None
        if kwargs.get("derandomize"):
            if kwargs.get("database") is not None:
                raise InvalidArgument(
                    "derandomize=True implies database=None, so passing "
                    "database=%r too is invalid." % (kwargs["database"],)
            kwargs["database"] = None
        self._construction_complete = False
        deprecations = []
        defaults = parent or settings.default
        if defaults is not None:
            for setting in all_settings.values():
                if kwargs.get(, not_set) is not_set:
                    kwargs[] = getattr(defaults,
                    if setting.validator:
                        kwargs[] = setting.validator(kwargs[])
                    if setting.deprecation_message is not None:
        for name, value in kwargs.items():
            if name not in all_settings:
                raise InvalidArgument(
                    "Invalid argument: %r is not a valid setting" % (name,)
            setattr(self, name, value) = threading.local()
        self._construction_complete = True

        for d in deprecations:

    def __call__(self, test):
        """Make the settings object (self) an attribute of the test.

        The settings are later discovered by looking them up on the test itself.
        if not callable(test):
            raise InvalidArgument(
                "settings objects can be called as a decorator with @given, "
                "but decorated test=%r is not callable." % (test,)
        if inspect.isclass(test):
            from hypothesis.stateful import GenericStateMachine

            if issubclass(test, GenericStateMachine):
                attr_name = "_hypothesis_internal_settings_applied"
                if getattr(test, attr_name, False):
                    raise InvalidArgument(
                        "Applying the @settings decorator twice would "
                        "overwrite the first version; merge their arguments "
                setattr(test, attr_name, True)
                test.TestCase.settings = self
                return test
                raise InvalidArgument(
                    "@settings(...) can only be used as a decorator on "
                    "functions, or on subclasses of GenericStateMachine."
        if hasattr(test, "_hypothesis_internal_settings_applied"):
            # Can't use _hypothesis_internal_use_settings as an indicator that
            # @settings was applied, because @given also assigns that attribute.
            raise InvalidArgument(
                "%s has already been decorated with a settings object."
                "\n    Previous:  %r\n    This:  %r"
                % (

        test._hypothesis_internal_use_settings = self
        test._hypothesis_internal_settings_applied = True
        return test

    def _define_setting(
        """Add a new setting.

        - name is the name of the property that will be used to access the
          setting. This must be a valid python identifier.
        - description will appear in the property's docstring
        - default is the default value. This may be a zero argument
          function in which case it is evaluated and its result is stored
          the first time it is accessed on any given settings object.
        if settings.__definitions_are_locked:
            raise InvalidState(
                "settings have been locked and may no longer be defined."
        if options is not None:
            options = tuple(options)
            assert default in options
            assert validator is not None

        all_settings[name] = Setting(
        setattr(settings, name, settingsProperty(name, show_default))

    def lock_further_definitions(cls):
        settings.__definitions_are_locked = True

    def __setattr__(self, name, value):
        if name in settings._WHITELISTED_REAL_PROPERTIES:
            return object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
        elif name in all_settings:
            if self._construction_complete:
                raise AttributeError(
                    "settings objects are immutable and may not be assigned to"
                    " after construction."
                setting = all_settings[name]
                if setting.options is not None and value not in setting.options:
                    raise InvalidArgument(
                        "Invalid %s, %r. Valid options: %r"
                        % (name, value, setting.options)
                return object.__setattr__(self, name, value)
            raise AttributeError("No such setting %s" % (name,))

    def __repr__(self):
        bits = []
        for name, setting in all_settings.items():
            value = getattr(self, name)
            # The only settings that are not shown are those that are
            # deprecated and left at their default values.
            if value != setting.default or not setting.deprecation_message:
                bits.append("%s=%r" % (name, value))
        return "settings(%s)" % ", ".join(sorted(bits))

    def show_changed(self):
        bits = []
        for name, setting in all_settings.items():
            value = getattr(self, name)
            if value != setting.default:
                bits.append("%s=%r" % (name, value))
        return ", ".join(sorted(bits, key=len))

[docs] @staticmethod def register_profile(name, parent=None, **kwargs): # type: (str, settings, **Any) -> None """Registers a collection of values to be used as a settings profile. Settings profiles can be loaded by name - for example, you might create a 'fast' profile which runs fewer examples, keep the 'default' profile, and create a 'ci' profile that increases the number of examples and uses a different database to store failures. The arguments to this method are exactly as for :class:`~hypothesis.settings`: optional ``parent`` settings, and keyword arguments for each setting that will be set differently to parent (or settings.default, if parent is None). """ check_type(string_types, name, "name") settings._profiles[name] = settings(parent=parent, **kwargs)
[docs] @staticmethod def get_profile(name): # type: (str) -> settings """Return the profile with the given name.""" check_type(string_types, name, "name") try: return settings._profiles[name] except KeyError: raise InvalidArgument("Profile %r is not registered" % (name,))
[docs] @staticmethod def load_profile(name): # type: (str) -> None """Loads in the settings defined in the profile provided. If the profile does not exist, InvalidArgument will be raised. Any setting not defined in the profile will be the library defined default for that setting. """ check_type(string_types, name, "name") settings._current_profile = name settings._assign_default_internal(settings.get_profile(name))
@contextlib.contextmanager def local_settings(s): default_context_manager = default_variable.with_value(s) with default_context_manager: yield s @attr.s() class Setting(object): name = attr.ib() description = attr.ib() default = attr.ib() options = attr.ib() validator = attr.ib() deprecation_message = attr.ib() deprecated_since = attr.ib() def _ensure_positive_int(x, name, since, min_value=0): if not isinstance(x, integer_types): note_deprecation( "Passing non-integer %s=%r is deprecated" % (name, x), since=since ) x = try_convert(int, x, name) if x < min_value: raise InvalidArgument("%s=%r must be at least %r." % (name, x, min_value)) return x def _max_examples_validator(x): x = _ensure_positive_int(x, "max_examples", since="2019-03-06", min_value=0) if x == 0: note_deprecation( "max_examples=%r should be at least one. You can disable example " "generation with the `phases` setting instead." % (x,), since="2019-03-06", ) return x settings._define_setting( "max_examples", default=100, validator=_max_examples_validator, description=""" Once this many satisfying examples have been considered without finding any counter-example, falsification will terminate. The default value is chosen to suit a workflow where the test will be part of a suite that is regularly executed locally or on a CI server, balancing total running time against the chance of missing a bug. If you are writing one-off tests, running tens of thousands of examples is quite reasonable as Hypothesis may miss uncommon bugs with default settings. For very complex code, we have observed Hypothesis finding novel bugs after *several million* examples while testing :pypi:`SymPy`. """, ) settings._define_setting( "buffer_size", default=not_set, validator=lambda x: _ensure_positive_int(x, "buffer_size", since="2019-03-06"), description="The buffer_size setting has been deprecated and no longer does anything.", deprecation_message="The buffer_size setting can safely be removed with no effect.", deprecated_since="2019-07-03", ) settings._define_setting( "timeout", default=not_set, description="The timeout setting has been deprecated and no longer does anything.", deprecation_message="The timeout setting can safely be removed with no effect.", deprecated_since="2017-11-02", options=(not_set, unlimited), ) def _derandomize_validator(x): if not isinstance(x, bool): note_deprecation("derandomize=%r should be a bool." % (x,), since="2019-03-06") return bool(x) settings._define_setting( "derandomize", default=False, validator=_derandomize_validator, description=""" If this is True then hypothesis will run in deterministic mode where each falsification uses a random number generator that is seeded based on the hypothesis to falsify, which will be consistent across multiple runs. This has the advantage that it will eliminate any randomness from your tests, which may be preferable for some situations. It does have the disadvantage of making your tests less likely to find novel breakages. """, ) def _validate_database(db): from hypothesis.database import ExampleDatabase if db is None or isinstance(db, ExampleDatabase): return db raise InvalidArgument( "Arguments to the database setting must be None or an instance of " "ExampleDatabase. Try passing database=ExampleDatabase(%r), or " "construct and use one of the specific subclasses in " "hypothesis.database" % (db,) ) settings._define_setting( "database", default=not_set, show_default=False, description=""" An instance of hypothesis.database.ExampleDatabase that will be used to save examples to and load previous examples from. May be ``None`` in which case no storage will be used, ``":memory:"`` for an in-memory database, or any path for a directory-based example database. """, validator=_validate_database, ) @unique class Phase(IntEnum): explicit = 0 reuse = 1 generate = 2 shrink = 3 def __repr__(self): return "Phase.%s" % (,)
[docs]@unique class HealthCheck(Enum): """Arguments for :attr:`~hypothesis.settings.suppress_health_check`. Each member of this enum is a type of health check to suppress. """ def __repr__(self): return "%s.%s" % (self.__class__.__name__, @classmethod def all(cls): # type: () -> List[HealthCheck] deprecated = [HealthCheck.hung_test] return [x for x in list(HealthCheck) if x not in deprecated] data_too_large = 1 """Check for when the typical size of the examples you are generating exceeds the maximum allowed size too often.""" filter_too_much = 2 """Check for when the test is filtering out too many examples, either through use of :func:`~hypothesis.assume()` or :ref:`filter() <filtering>`, or occasionally for Hypothesis internal reasons.""" too_slow = 3 """Check for when your data generation is extremely slow and likely to hurt testing.""" return_value = 5 """Checks if your tests return a non-None value (which will be ignored and is unlikely to do what you want).""" hung_test = 6 """This health check is deprecated and no longer has any effect. You can use the ``max_examples`` and ``deadline`` settings together to cap the total runtime of your tests, rather than the previous fixed limit.""" large_base_example = 7 """Checks if the natural example to shrink towards is very large.""" not_a_test_method = 8 """Checks if :func:`@given <hypothesis.given>` has been applied to a method defined by :class:`python:unittest.TestCase` (i.e. not a test)."""
@unique class Verbosity(IntEnum): quiet = 0 normal = 1 verbose = 2 debug = 3 def __repr__(self): return "Verbosity.%s" % (,) settings._define_setting( "verbosity", options=tuple(Verbosity), default=Verbosity.normal, description="Control the verbosity level of Hypothesis messages", ) def _validate_phases(phases): if phases is None: phases = tuple(Phase) note_deprecation("Use phases=%r, not None." % (phases,), since="2019-08-05") phases = tuple(phases) for a in phases: if not isinstance(a, Phase): raise InvalidArgument("%r is not a valid phase" % (a,)) return tuple(p for p in list(Phase) if p in phases) settings._define_setting( "phases", default=tuple(Phase), description=( "Control which phases should be run. " "See :ref:`the full documentation for more details <phases>`" ), validator=_validate_phases, ) settings._define_setting( name="stateful_step_count", default=50, validator=lambda x: _ensure_positive_int(x, "stateful_step_count", "2019-03-06"), description=""" Number of steps to run a stateful program for before giving up on it breaking. """, ) settings._define_setting( name="report_multiple_bugs", default=True, options=(True, False), description=""" Because Hypothesis runs the test many times, it can sometimes find multiple bugs in a single run. Reporting all of them at once is usually very useful, but replacing the exceptions can occasionally clash with debuggers. If disabled, only the exception with the smallest minimal example is raised. """, ) def validate_health_check_suppressions(suppressions): suppressions = try_convert(list, suppressions, "suppress_health_check") for s in suppressions: if not isinstance(s, HealthCheck): raise InvalidArgument( "Non-HealthCheck value %r of type %s is invalid in suppress_health_check." % (s, type(s).__name__) ) if s is HealthCheck.hung_test: note_deprecation( "HealthCheck.hung_test is deprecated and has no " "effect, as we no longer run this health check.", since="2019-01-24", ) return suppressions settings._define_setting( "suppress_health_check", default=(), description="""A list of :class:`~hypothesis.HealthCheck` items to disable.""", validator=validate_health_check_suppressions, ) class duration(datetime.timedelta): """A timedelta specifically measured in milliseconds.""" def __repr__(self): ms = self.total_seconds() * 1000 return "timedelta(milliseconds=%r)" % (int(ms) if ms == int(ms) else ms,) def _validate_deadline(x): if isinstance(x, bool): note_deprecation( "The deadline=%r must be a duration in milliseconds, or None to disable." " Boolean deadlines are treated as ints, and deprecated." % (x,), since="2019-03-06", ) if x is None: return x if isinstance(x, integer_types + (float,)): try: x = duration(milliseconds=x) except OverflowError: quiet_raise( InvalidArgument( "deadline=%r is invalid, because it is too large to represent " "as a timedelta. Use deadline=None to disable deadlines." % (x,) ) ) if isinstance(x, datetime.timedelta): if x <= datetime.timedelta(0): raise InvalidArgument( "deadline=%r is invalid, because it is impossible to meet a " "deadline <= 0. Use deadline=None to disable deadlines." % (x,) ) return duration(seconds=x.total_seconds()) raise InvalidArgument( "deadline=%r (type %s) must be a timedelta object, an integer or float number of milliseconds, " "or None to disable the per-test-case deadline." % (x, type(x).__name__) ) settings._define_setting( "deadline", default=duration(milliseconds=200), validator=_validate_deadline, description=u""" If set, a duration (as timedelta, or integer or float number of milliseconds) that each individual example (i.e. each time your test function is called, not the whole decorated test) within a test is not allowed to exceed. Tests which take longer than that may be converted into errors (but will not necessarily be if close to the deadline, to allow some variability in test run time). Set this to None to disable this behaviour entirely. """, ) class PrintSettings(Enum): """Flags to determine whether or not to print a detailed example blob to use with :func:`~hypothesis.reproduce_failure` for failing test cases.""" NEVER = 0 """Never print a blob.""" INFER = 1 """This option is deprecated and will be treated as equivalent to ALWAYS.""" ALWAYS = 2 """Always print a blob on failure.""" def __repr__(self): return "PrintSettings.%s" % (,) def _validate_print_blob(value): if isinstance(value, PrintSettings): replacement = value != PrintSettings.NEVER note_deprecation( "Setting print_blob=%r is deprecated and will become an error " "in a future version of Hypothesis. Use print_blob=%r instead." % (value, replacement), since="2018-09-30", ) return replacement check_type(bool, value, "print_blob") return value settings._define_setting( "print_blob", default=False, description=""" If set to True, Hypothesis will print code for failing examples that can be used with :func:`@reproduce_failure <hypothesis.reproduce_failure>` to reproduce the failing example. """, validator=_validate_print_blob, ) settings.lock_further_definitions() def note_deprecation(message, since, verbosity=None): # type: (str, str, Verbosity) -> None if verbosity is None: verbosity = settings.default.verbosity assert verbosity is not None if since != "RELEASEDAY": date = datetime.datetime.strptime(since, "%Y-%m-%d").date() assert, 1, 1) <= date warning = HypothesisDeprecationWarning(message) if verbosity > Verbosity.quiet: warnings.warn(warning, stacklevel=2) settings.register_profile("default", settings()) settings.load_profile("default") assert settings.default is not None