Changelog

This is a record of all past Hypothesis releases and what went into them, in reverse chronological order. All previous releases should still be available on pip.

Hypothesis APIs come in three flavours:

  • Public: Hypothesis releases since 1.0 are semantically versioned with respect to these parts of the API. These will not break except between major version bumps. All APIs mentioned in this documentation are public unless explicitly noted otherwise.
  • Semi-public: These are APIs that are considered ready to use but are not wholly nailed down yet. They will not break in patch releases and will usually not break in minor releases, but when necessary minor releases may break semi-public APIs.
  • Internal: These may break at any time and you really should not use them at all.

You should generally assume that an API is internal unless you have specific information to the contrary.

1.11.2 - 2015-09-23

Bug fixes:

  • Settings(database=my_db) would not be correctly inherited when used as a default setting, so that newly created settings would use the database_file setting and create an SQLite example database.
  • Settings.default.database = my_db would previously have raised an error and now works.
  • Timeout could sometimes be significantly exceeded if during simplification there were a lot of examples tried that didn’t trigger the bug.
  • When loading a heavily simplified example using a basic() strategy from the database this could cause Python to trigger a recursion error.
  • Remove use of deprecated API in pytest plugin so as to not emit warning

Misc:

  • hypothesis-pytest is now part of hypothesis core. This should have no externally visible consequences, but you should update your dependencies to remove hypothesis-pytest and depend on only Hypothesis.
  • Better repr for hypothesis.extra.datetimes() strategies.
  • Add .close() method to abstract base class for Backend (it was already present in the main implemnetation).

1.11.1 - 2015-09-16

Bug fixes:

  • When running Hypothesis tests in parallel (e.g. using pytest-xdist) there was a race condition caused by code generation.
  • Example databases are now cached per thread so as to not use sqlite connections from multiple threads. This should make Hypothesis now entirely thread safe.
  • floats() with only min_value or max_value set would have had a very bad distribution.
  • Running on 3.5, Hypothesis would have emitted deprecation warnings because of use of inspect.getargspec

1.11.0 - 2015-08-31

  • text() with a non-string alphabet would have used the repr() of the the alphabet instead of its contexts. This is obviously silly. It now works with any sequence of things convertible to unicode strings.
  • @given will now work on methods whose definitions contains no explicit positional arguments, only varargs (bug #118). This may have some knock on effects because it means that @given no longer changes the argspec of functions other than by adding defaults.
  • Introduction of new @composite feature for more natural definition of strategies you’d previously have used flatmap for.

1.10.6 - 2015-08-26

Fix support for fixtures on Django 1.7.

1.10.4 - 2015-08-21

Tiny bug fix release:

  • If the database_file setting is set to None, this would have resulted in an error when running tests. Now it does the same as setting database to None.

1.10.3 - 2015-08-19

Another small bug fix release.

  • lists(elements, unique_by=some_function, min_size=n) would have raised a ValidationError if n > Settings.default.average_list_length because it would have wanted to use an average list length shorter than the minimum size of the list, which is impossible. Now it instead defaults to twice the minimum size in these circumstances.
  • basic() strategy would have only ever produced at most ten distinct values per run of the test (which is bad if you e.g. have it inside a list). This was obviously silly. It will now produce a much better distribution of data, both duplicated and non duplicated.

1.10.2 - 2015-08-19

This is a small bug fix release:

  • star imports from hypothesis should now work correctly.
  • example quality for examples using flatmap will be better, as the way it had previously been implemented was causing problems where Hypothesis was erroneously labelling some examples as being duplicates.

1.10.0 - 2015-08-04

This is just a bugfix and performance release, but it changes some semi-public APIs, hence the minor version bump.

  • Significant performance improvements for strategies which are one_of() many branches. In particular this included recursive() strategies. This should take the case where you use one recursive() strategy as the base strategy of another from unusably slow (tens of seconds per generated example) to reasonably fast.
  • Better handling of just() and sampled_from() for values which have an incorrect __repr__ implementation that returns non-ASCII unicode on Python 2.
  • Better performance for flatmap from changing the internal morpher API to be significantly less general purpose.
  • Introduce a new semi-public BuildContext/cleanup API. This allows strategies to register cleanup activities that should run once the example is complete. Note that this will interact somewhat weirdly with find.
  • Better simplification behaviour for streaming strategies.
  • Don’t error on lambdas which use destructuring arguments in Python 2.
  • Add some better reprs for a few strategies that were missing good ones.
  • The Random instances provided by randoms() are now copyable.
  • Slightly more debugging information about simplify when using a debug verbosity level.
  • Support using given for functions with varargs, but not passing arguments to it as positional.

1.9.0 - 2015-07-27

Codename: The great bundling.

This release contains two fairly major changes.

The first is the deprecation of the hypothesis-extra mechanism. From now on all the packages that were previously bundled under it other than hypothesis-pytest (which is a different beast and will remain separate). The functionality remains unchanged and you can still import them from exactly the same location, they just are no longer separate packages.

The second is that this introduces a new way of building strategies which lets you build up strategies recursively from other strategies.

It also contains the minor change that calling .example() on a strategy object will give you examples that are more representative of the actual data you’ll get. There used to be some logic in there to make the examples artificially simple but this proved to be a bad idea.

1.8.5 - 2015-07-24

This contains no functionality changes but fixes a mistake made with building the previous package that would have broken installation on Windows.

1.8.4 - 2015-07-20

Bugs fixed:

  • When a call to floats() had endpoints which were not floats but merely convertible to one (e.g. integers), these would be included in the generated data which would cause it to generate non-floats.
  • Splitting lambdas used in the definition of flatmap, map or filter over multiple lines would break the repr, which would in turn break their usage.

1.8.3 - 2015-07-20

“Falsifying example” would not have been printed when the failure came from an explicit example.

1.8.2 - 2015-07-18

Another small bugfix release:

  • When using ForkingTestCase you would usually not get the falsifying example printed if the process exited abnormally (e.g. due to os._exit).
  • Improvements to the distribution of characters when using text() with a default alphabet. In particular produces a better distribution of ascii and whitespace in the alphabet.

1.8.1 - 2015-07-17

This is a small release that contains a workaround for people who have bad reprs returning non ascii text on Python 2.7. This is not a bug fix for Hypothesis per se because that’s not a thing that is actually supposed to work, but Hypothesis leans more heavily on repr than is typical so it’s worth having a workaround for.

1.8.0 - 2015-07-16

New features:

  • Much more sensible reprs for strategies, especially ones that come from hypothesis.strategies. These should now have as reprs python code that would produce the same strategy.
  • lists() accepts a unique_by argument which forces the generated lists to be only contain elements unique according to some function key (which must return a hashable value).
  • Better error messages from flaky tests to help you debug things.

Mostly invisible implementation details that may result in finding new bugs in your code:

  • Sets and dictionary generation should now produce a better range of results.
  • floats with bounds now focus more on ‘critical values’, trying to produce values at edge cases.
  • flatmap should now have better simplification for complicated cases, as well as generally being (I hope) more reliable.

Bug fixes:

  • You could not previously use assume() if you were using the forking executor.

1.7.2 - 2015-07-10

This is purely a bug fix release:

  • When using floats() with stale data in the database you could sometimes get values in your tests that did not respect min_value or max_value.
  • When getting a Flaky error from an unreliable test it would have incorrectly displayed the example that caused it.
  • 2.6 dependency on backports was incorrectly specified. This would only have caused you problems if you were building a universal wheel from Hypothesis, which is not how Hypothesis ships, so unless you’re explicitly building wheels for your dependencies and support Python 2.6 plus a later version of Python this probably would never have affected you.
  • If you use flatmap in a way that the strategy on the right hand side depends sensitively on the left hand side you may have occasionally seen Flaky errors caused by producing unreliable examples when minimizing a bug. This use case may still be somewhat fraught to be honest. This code is due a major rearchitecture for 1.8, but in the meantime this release fixes the only source of this error that I’m aware of.

1.7.1 - 2015-06-29

Codename: There is no 1.7.0.

A slight technical hitch with a premature upload means there’s was a yanked 1.7.0 release. Oops.

The major feature of this release is Python 2.6 support. Thanks to Jeff Meadows for doing most of the work there.

Other minor features

  • strategies now has a permutations() function which returns a strategy yielding permutations of values from a given collection.
  • if you have a flaky test it will print the exception that it last saw before failing with Flaky, even if you do not have verbose reporting on.
  • Slightly experimental git merge script available as “python -m hypothesis.tools.mergedbs”. Instructions on how to use it in the docstring of that file.

Bug fixes:

  • Better performance from use of filter. In particular tests which involve large numbers of heavily filtered strategies should perform a lot better.
  • floats() with a negative min_value would not have worked correctly (worryingly, it would have just silently failed to run any examples). This is now fixed.
  • tests using sampled_from would error if the number of sampled elements was smaller than min_satisfying_examples.

1.6.2 - 2015-06-08

This is just a few small bug fixes:

  • Size bounds were not validated for values for a binary() strategy when reading examples from the database.
  • sampled_from is now in __all__ in hypothesis.strategies
  • floats no longer consider negative integers to be simpler than positive non-integers
  • Small floating point intervals now correctly count members, so if you have a floating point interval so narrow there are only a handful of values in it, this will no longer cause an error when Hypothesis runs out of values.

1.6.1 - 2015-05-21

This is a small patch release that fixes a bug where 1.6.0 broke the use of flatmap with the deprecated API and assumed the passed in function returned a SearchStrategy instance rather than converting it to a strategy.

1.6.0 - 2015-05-21

This is a smallish release designed to fix a number of bugs and smooth out some weird behaviours.

  • Fix a critical bug in flatmap where it would reuse old strategies. If all your flatmap code was pure you’re fine. If it’s not, I’m surprised it’s working at all. In particular if you want to use flatmap with django models, you desperately need to upgrade to this version.
  • flatmap simplification performance should now be better in some cases where it previously had to redo work.
  • Fix for a bug where invalid unicode data with surrogates could be generated during simplification (it was already filtered out during actual generation).
  • The Hypothesis database is now keyed off the name of the test instead of the type of data. This makes much more sense now with the new strategies API and is generally more robust. This means you will lose old examples on upgrade.
  • The database will now not delete values which fail to deserialize correctly, just skip them. This is to handle cases where multiple incompatible strategies share the same key.
  • find now also saves and loads values from the database, keyed off a hash of the function you’re finding from.
  • Stateful tests now serialize and load values from the database. They should have before, really. This was a bug.
  • Passing a different verbosity level into a test would not have worked entirely correctly, leaving off some messages. This is now fixed.
  • Fix a bug where derandomized tests with unicode characters in the function body would error on Python 2.7.

1.5.0 - 2015-05-14

Codename: Strategic withdrawal.

The purpose of this release is a radical simplification of the API for building strategies. Instead of the old approach of @strategy.extend and things that get converted to strategies, you just build strategies directly.

The old method of defining strategies will still work until Hypothesis 2.0, because it’s a major breaking change, but will now emit deprecation warnings.

The new API is also a lot more powerful as the functions for defining strategies give you a lot of dials to turn. See the updated data section for details.

Other changes:

  • Mixing keyword and positional arguments in a call to @given is deprecated as well.
  • There is a new setting called ‘strict’. When set to True, Hypothesis will raise warnings instead of merely printing them. Turning it on by default is inadvisable because it means that Hypothesis minor releases can break your code, but it may be useful for making sure you catch all uses of deprecated APIs.
  • max_examples in settings is now interpreted as meaning the maximum number of unique (ish) examples satisfying assumptions. A new setting max_iterations which defaults to a larger value has the old interpretation.
  • Example generation should be significantly faster due to a new faster parameter selection algorithm. This will mostly show up for simple data types - for complex ones the parameter selection is almost certainly dominated.
  • Simplification has some new heuristics that will tend to cut down on cases where it could previously take a very long time.
  • timeout would previously not have been respected in cases where there were a lot of duplicate examples. You probably wouldn’t have previously noticed this because max_examples counted duplicates, so this was very hard to hit in a way that mattered.
  • A number of internal simplifications to the SearchStrategy API.
  • You can now access the current Hypothesis version as hypothesis.__version__.
  • A top level function is provided for running the stateful tests without the TestCase infrastructure.

1.4.0 - 2015-05-04

Codename: What a state.

The big feature of this release is the new and slightly experimental stateful testing API. You can read more about that in the appropriate section.

Two minor features the were driven out in the course of developing this:

  • You can now set settings.max_shrinks to limit the number of times Hypothesis will try to shrink arguments to your test. If this is set to <= 0 then Hypothesis will not rerun your test and will just raise the failure directly. Note that due to technical limitations if max_shrinks is <= 0 then Hypothesis will print every example it calls your test with rather than just the failing one. Note also that I don’t consider settings max_shrinks to zero a sensible way to run your tests and it should really be considered a debug feature.
  • There is a new debug level of verbosity which is even more verbose than verbose. You probably don’t want this.

Breakage of semi-public SearchStrategy API:

  • It is now a required invariant of SearchStrategy that if u simplifies to v then it is not the case that strictly_simpler(u, v). i.e. simplifying should not increase the complexity even though it is not required to decrease it. Enforcing this invariant lead to finding some bugs where simplifying of integers, floats and sets was suboptimal.
  • Integers in basic data are now required to fit into 64 bits. As a result python integer types are now serialized as strings, and some types have stopped using quite so needlessly large random seeds.

Hypothesis Stateful testing was then turned upon Hypothesis itself, which lead to an amazing number of minor bugs being found in Hypothesis itself.

Bugs fixed (most but not all from the result of stateful testing) include:

  • Serialization of streaming examples was flaky in a way that you would probably never notice: If you generate a template, simplify it, serialize it, deserialize it, serialize it again and then deserialize it you would get the original stream instead of the simplified one.
  • If you reduced max_examples below the number of examples already saved in the database, you would have got a ValueError. Additionally, if you had more than max_examples in the database all of them would have been considered.
  • @given will no longer count duplicate examples (which it never called your function with) towards max_examples. This may result in your tests running slower, but that’s probably just because they’re trying more examples.
  • General improvements to example search which should result in better performance and higher quality examples. In particular parameters which have a history of producing useless results will be more aggressively culled. This is useful both because it decreases the chance of useless examples and also because it’s much faster to not check parameters which we were unlikely to ever pick!
  • integers_from and lists of types with only one value (e.g. [None]) would previously have had a very high duplication rate so you were probably only getting a handful of examples. They now have a much lower duplication rate, as well as the improvements to search making this less of a problem in the first place.
  • You would sometimes see simplification taking significantly longer than your defined timeout. This would happen because timeout was only being checked after each successful simplification, so if Hypothesis was spending a lot of time unsuccessfully simplifying things it wouldn’t stop in time. The timeout is now applied for unsuccessful simplifications too.
  • In Python 2.7, integers_from strategies would have failed during simplification with an OverflowError if their starting point was at or near to the maximum size of a 64-bit integer.
  • flatmap and map would have failed if called with a function without a __name__ attribute.
  • If max_examples was less than min_satisfying_examples this would always error. Now min_satisfying_examples is capped to max_examples. Note that if you have assumptions to satisfy here this will still cause an error.

Some minor quality improvements:

  • Lists of streams, flatmapped strategies and basic strategies should now now have slightly better simplificaiton.

1.3.0 - 2015-05-22

New features:

  • New verbosity level API for printing intermediate results and exceptions.
  • New specifier for strings generated from a specified alphabet.
  • Better error messages for tests that are failing because of a lack of enough examples.

Bug fixes:

  • Fix error where use of ForkingTestCase would sometimes result in too many open files.
  • Fix error where saving a failing example that used flatmap could error.
  • Implement simplification for sampled_from, which apparently never supported it previously. Oops.

General improvements:

  • Better range of examples when using one_of or sampled_from.
  • Fix some pathological performance issues when simplifying lists of complex values.
  • Fix some pathological performance issues when simplifying examples that require unicode strings with high codepoints.
  • Random will now simplify to more readable examples.

1.2.1 - 2015-04-16

A small patch release for a bug in the new executors feature. Tests which require doing something to their result in order to fail would have instead reported as flaky.

1.2.0 - 2015-04-15

Codename: Finders keepers.

A bunch of new features and improvements.

  • Provide a mechanism for customizing how your tests are executed.
  • Provide a test runner that forks before running each example. This allows better support for testing native code which might trigger a segfault or a C level assertion failure.
  • Support for using Hypothesis to find examples directly rather than as just as a test runner.
  • New streaming type which lets you generate infinite lazily loaded streams of data - perfect for if you need a number of examples but don’t know how many.
  • Better support for large integer ranges. You can now use integers_in_range with ranges of basically any size. Previously large ranges would have eaten up all your memory and taken forever.
  • Integers produce a wider range of data than before - previously they would only rarely produce integers which didn’t fit into a machine word. Now it’s much more common. This percolates to other numeric types which build on integers.
  • Better validation of arguments to @given. Some situations that would previously have caused silently wrong behaviour will now raise an error.
  • Include +/- sys.float_info.max in the set of floating point edge cases that Hypothesis specifically tries.
  • Fix some bugs in floating point ranges which happen when given +/- sys.float_info.max as one of the endpoints... (really any two floats that are sufficiently far apart so that x, y are finite but y - x is infinite). This would have resulted in generating infinite values instead of ones inside the range.

1.1.1 - 2015-04-07

Codename: Nothing to see here

This is just a patch release put out because it fixed some internal bugs that would block the Django integration release but did not actually affect anything anyone could previously have been using. It also contained a minor quality fix for floats that I’d happened to have finished in time.

  • Fix some internal bugs with object lifecycle management that were impossible to hit with the previously released versions but broke hypothesis-django.
  • Bias floating point numbers somewhat less aggressively towards very small numbers

1.1.0 - 2015-04-06

Codename: No-one mention the M word.

  • Unicode strings are more strongly biased towards ascii characters. Previously they would generate all over the space. This is mostly so that people who try to shape their unicode strings with assume() have less of a bad time.
  • A number of fixes to data deserialization code that could theoretically have caused mysterious bugs when using an old version of a Hypothesis example database with a newer version. To the best of my knowledge a change that could have triggered this bug has never actually been seen in the wild. Certainly no-one ever reported a bug of this nature.
  • Out of the box support for Decimal and Fraction.
  • new dictionary specifier for dictionaries with variable keys.
  • Significantly faster and higher quality simplification, especially for collections of data.
  • New filter() and flatmap() methods on Strategy for better ways of building strategies out of other strategies.
  • New BasicStrategy class which allows you to define your own strategies from scratch without needing an existing matching strategy or being exposed to the full horror or non-public nature of the SearchStrategy interface.

1.0.0 - 2015-03-27

Codename: Blast-off!

There are no code changes in this release. This is precisely the 0.9.2 release with some updated documentation.

0.9.2 - 2015-03-26

Codename: T-1 days.

  • floats_in_range would not actually have produced floats_in_range unless that range happened to be (0, 1). Fix this.

0.9.1 - 2015-03-25

Codename: T-2 days.

  • Fix a bug where if you defined a strategy using map on a lambda then the results would not be saved in the database.
  • Significant performance improvements when simplifying examples using lists, strings or bounded integer ranges.

0.9.0 - 2015-03-23

Codename: The final countdown

This release could also be called 1.0-RC1.

It contains a teeny tiny bugfix, but the real point of this release is to declare feature freeze. There will be zero functionality changes between 0.9.0 and 1.0 unless something goes really really wrong. No new features will be added, no breaking API changes will occur, etc. This is the final shakedown before I declare Hypothesis stable and ready to use and throw a party to celebrate.

Bug bounty for any bugs found between now and 1.0: I will buy you a drink (alcoholic, caffeinated, or otherwise) and shake your hand should we ever find ourselves in the same city at the same time.

The one tiny bugfix:

  • Under pypy, databases would fail to close correctly when garbage collected, leading to a memory leak and a confusing error message if you were repeatedly creating databases and not closing them. It is very unlikely you were doing this and the chances of you ever having noticed this bug are very low.

0.7.2 - 2015-03-22

Codename: Hygienic macros or bust

  • You can now name an argument to @given ‘f’ and it won’t break (issue #38)
  • strategy_test_suite is now named strategy_test_suite as the documentation claims and not in fact strategy_test_suitee
  • Settings objects can now be used as a context manager to temporarily override the default values inside their context.

0.7.1 - 2015-03-21

Codename: Point releases go faster

  • Better string generation by parametrizing by a limited alphabet
  • Faster string simplification - previously if simplifying a string with high range unicode characters it would try every unicode character smaller than that. This was pretty pointless. Now it stops after it’s a short range (it can still reach smaller ones through recursive calls because of other simplifying operations).
  • Faster list simplification by first trying a binary chop down the middle
  • Simultaneous simplification of identical elements in a list. So if a bug only trickers when you have duplicates but you drew e.g. [-17, -17], this will now simplify to [0, 0].

0.7.0, - 2015-03-20

Codename: Starting to look suspiciously real

This is probably the last minor release prior to 1.0. It consists of stability improvements, a few usability things designed to make Hypothesis easier to try out, and filing off some final rough edges from the API.

  • Significant speed and memory usage improvements
  • Add an example() method to strategy objects to give an example of the sort of data that the strategy generates.
  • Remove .descriptor attribute of strategies
  • Rename descriptor_test_suite to strategy_test_suite
  • Rename the few remaing uses of descriptor to specifier (descriptor already has a defined meaning in Python)

0.6.0 - 2015-03-13

Codename: I’m sorry, were you using that API?

This is primarily a “simplify all the weird bits of the API” release. As a result there are a lot of breaking changes. If you just use @given with core types then you’re probably fine.

In particular:

  • Stateful testing has been removed from the API
  • The way the database is used has been rendered less useful (sorry). The feature for reassembling values saved from other tests doesn’t currently work. This will probably be brought back in post 1.0.
  • SpecificationMapper is no longer a thing. Instead there is an ExtMethod called strategy which you extend to specify how to convert other types to strategies.
  • Settings are now extensible so you can add your own for configuring a strategy
  • MappedSearchStrategy no longer needs an unpack method
  • Basically all the SearchStrategy internals have changed massively. If you implemented SearchStrategy directly rather than using MappedSearchStrategy talk to me about fixing it.
  • Change to the way extra packages work. You now specify the package. This must have a load() method. Additionally any modules in the package will be loaded in under hypothesis.extra

Bug fixes:

  • Fix for a bug where calling falsify on a lambda with a non-ascii character in its body would error.

Hypothesis Extra:

hypothesis-fakefactory: An extension for using faker data in hypothesis. Depends
on fake-factory.

0.5.0 - 2015-02-10

Codename: Read all about it.

Core hypothesis:

  • Add support back in for pypy and python 3.2
  • @given functions can now be invoked with some arguments explicitly provided. If all arguments that hypothesis would have provided are passed in then no falsification is run.
  • Related to the above, this means that you can now use pytest fixtures and mark.parametrize with Hypothesis without either interfering with the other.
  • Breaking change: @given no longer works for functions with varargs (varkwargs are fine). This might be added back in at a later date.
  • Windows is now fully supported. A limited version (just the tests with none of the extras) of the test suite is run on windows with each commit so it is now a first class citizen of the Hypothesis world.
  • Fix a bug for fuzzy equality of equal complex numbers with different reprs (this can happen when one coordinate is zero). This shouldn’t affect users - that feature isn’t used anywhere public facing.
  • Fix generation of floats on windows and 32-bit builds of python. I was using some struct.pack logic that only worked on certain word sizes.
  • When a test times out and hasn’t produced enough examples this now raises a Timeout subclass of Unfalsifiable.
  • Small search spaces are better supported. Previously something like a @given(bool, bool) would have failed because it couldn’t find enough examples. Hypothesis is now aware of the fact that these are small search spaces and will not error in this case.
  • Improvements to parameter search in the case of hard to satisfy assume. Hypothesis will now spend less time exploring parameters that are unlikely to provide anything useful.
  • Increase chance of generating “nasty” floats
  • Fix a bug that would have caused unicode warnings if you had a sampled_from that was mixing unicode and byte strings.
  • Added a standard test suite that you can use to validate a custom strategy you’ve defined is working correctly.

Hypothesis extra:

First off, introducing Hypothesis extra packages!

These are packages that are separated out from core Hypothesis because they have one or more dependencies. Every hypothesis-extra package is pinned to a specific point release of Hypothesis and will have some version requirements on its dependency. They use entry_points so you will usually not need to explicitly import them, just have them installed on the path.

This release introduces two of them:

hypothesis-datetime:

Does what it says on the tin: Generates datetimes for Hypothesis. Just install the package and datetime support will start working.

Depends on pytz for timezone support

hypothesis-pytest:

A very rudimentary pytest plugin. All it does right now is hook the display of falsifying examples into pytest reporting.

Depends on pytest.

0.4.3 - 2015-02-05

Codename: TIL narrow Python builds are a thing

This just fixes the one bug.

  • Apparently there is such a thing as a “narrow python build” and OSX ships with these by default for python 2.7. These are builds where you only have two bytes worth of unicode. As a result, generating unicode was completely broken on OSX. Fix this by only generating unicode codepoints in the range supported by the system.

0.4.2 - 2015-02-04

Codename: O(dear)

This is purely a bugfix release:

  • Provide sensible external hashing for all core types. This will significantly improve performance of tracking seen examples which happens in literally every falsification run. For Hypothesis fixing this cut 40% off the runtime of the test suite. The behaviour is quadratic in the number of examples so if you’re running the default configuration this will be less extreme (Hypothesis’s test suite runs at a higher number of examples than default), but you should still see a significant improvement.
  • Fix a bug in formatting of complex numbers where the string could get incorrectly truncated.

0.4.1 - 2015-02-03

Codename: Cruel and unusual edge cases

This release is mostly about better test case generation.

Enhancements:

  • Has a cool release name
  • text_type (str in python 3, unicode in python 2) example generation now actually produces interesting unicode instead of boring ascii strings.
  • floating point numbers are generated over a much wider range, with particular attention paid to generating nasty numbers - nan, infinity, large and small values, etc.
  • examples can be generated using pieces of examples previously saved in the database. This allows interesting behaviour that has previously been discovered to be propagated to other examples.
  • improved parameter exploration algorithm which should allow it to more reliably hit interesting edge cases.
  • Timeout can now be disabled entirely by setting it to any value <= 0.

Bug fixes:

  • The descriptor on a OneOfStrategy could be wrong if you had descriptors which were equal but should not be coalesced. e.g. a strategy for one_of((frozenset({int}), {int})) would have reported its descriptor as {int}. This is unlikely to have caused you any problems
  • If you had strategies that could produce NaN (which float previously couldn’t but e.g. a Just(float(‘nan’)) could) then this would have sent hypothesis into an infinite loop that would have only been terminated when it hit the timeout.
  • Given elements that can take a long time to minimize, minimization of floats or tuples could be quadratic or worse in the that value. You should now see much better performance for simplification, albeit at some cost in quality.

Other:

  • A lot of internals have been been rewritten. This shouldn’t affect you at all, but it opens the way for certain of hypothesis’s oddities to be a lot more extensible by users. Whether this is a good thing may be up for debate...

0.4.0 - 2015-01-21

FLAGSHIP FEATURE: Hypothesis now persists examples for later use. It stores data in a local SQLite database and will reuse it for all tests of the same type.

LICENSING CHANGE: Hypothesis is now released under the Mozila Public License 2.0. This applies to all versions from 0.4.0 onwards until further notice. The previous license remains applicable to all code prior to 0.4.0.

Enhancements:

  • Printing of failing examples. I was finding that the pytest runner was not doing a good job of displaying these, and that Hypothesis itself could do much better.
  • Drop dependency on six for cross-version compatibility. It was easy enough to write the shim for the small set of features that we care about and this lets us avoid a moderately complex dependency.
  • Some improvements to statistical distribution of selecting from small (<= 3 elements)
  • Improvements to parameter selection for finding examples.

Bugs fixed:

  • could_have_produced for lists, dicts and other collections would not have examined the elements and thus when using a union of different types of list this could result in Hypothesis getting confused and passing a value to the wrong strategy. This could potentially result in exceptions being thrown from within simplification.
  • sampled_from would not work correctly on a single element list.
  • Hypothesis could get very confused by values which are equal despite having different types being used in descriptors. Hypothesis now has its own more specific version of equality it uses for descriptors and tracking. It is always more fine grained than Python equality: Things considered != are not considered equal by hypothesis, but some things that are considered == are distinguished. If your test suite uses both frozenset and set tests this bug is probably affecting you.

0.3.2 - 2015-01-16

  • Fix a bug where if you specified floats_in_range with integer arguments Hypothesis would error in example simplification.
  • Improve the statistical distribution of the floats you get for the floats_in_range strategy. I’m not sure whether this will affect users in practice but it took my tests for various conditions from flaky to rock solid so it at the very least improves discovery of the artificial cases I’m looking for.
  • Improved repr() for strategies and RandomWithSeed instances.
  • Add detection for flaky test cases where hypothesis managed to find an example which breaks it but on the final invocation of the test it does not raise an error. This will typically happen with too much recursion errors but could conceivably happen in other circumstances too.
  • Provide a “derandomized” mode. This allows you to run hypothesis with zero real randomization, making your build nice and deterministic. The tests run with a seed calculated from the function they’re testing so you should still get a good distribution of test cases.
  • Add a mechanism for more conveniently defining tests which just sample from some collection.
  • Fix for a really subtle bug deep in the internals of the strategy table. In some circumstances if you were to define instance stratagies for both a parent class and one or more of its subclasses you would under some circumstances get the strategy for the wrong superclass of an instance. It is very unlikely anyone has ever encountered this in the wild, but it is conceivably possible given that a mix of namedtuple and tuple are used fairly extensively inside hypothesis which do exhibit this pattern of strategy.

0.3.1 - 2015-01-13

  • Support for generation of frozenset and Random values
  • Correct handling of the case where a called function mutates it argument. This involved introducing a notion of a strategies knowing how to copy their argument. The default method should be entirely acceptable and the worst case is that it will continue to have the old behaviour if you don’t mark your strategy as mutable, so this shouldn’t break anything.
  • Fix for a bug where some strategies did not correctly implement could_have_produced. It is very unlikely that any of these would have been seen in the wild, and the consequences if they had been would have bene minor.
  • Re-export the @given decorator from the main hypothesis namespace. It’s still available at the old location too.
  • Minor performance optimisation for simplifying long lists.

0.3.0 - 2015-01-12

  • Complete redesign of the data generation system. Extreme breaking change for anyone who was previously writing their own SearchStrategy implementations. These will not work any more and you’ll need to modify them.
  • New settings system allowing more global and modular control of Verifier behaviour.
  • Decouple SearchStrategy from the StrategyTable. This leads to much more composable code which is a lot easier to understand.
  • A significant amount of internal API renaming and moving. This may also break your code.
  • Expanded available descriptors, allowing for generating integers or floats in a specific range.
  • Significantly more robust. A very large number of small bug fixes, none of which anyone is likely to have ever noticed.
  • Deprecation of support for pypy and python 3 prior to 3.3. 3.3 and 3.4. Supported versions are 2.7.x, 3.3.x, 3.4.x. I expect all of these to remain officially supported for a very long time. I would not be surprised to add pypy support back in later but I’m not going to do so until I know someone cares about it. In the meantime it will probably still work.

0.2.2 - 2015-01-08

  • Fix an embarassing complete failure of the installer caused by my being bad at version control

0.2.1 - 2015-01-07

  • Fix a bug in the new stateful testing feature where you could make __init__ a @requires method. Simplification would not always work if the prune method was able to successfully shrink the test.

0.2.0 - 2015-01-07

  • It’s aliiive.
  • Improve python 3 support using six.
  • Distinguish between byte and unicode types.
  • Fix issues where FloatStrategy could raise.
  • Allow stateful testing to request constructor args.
  • Fix for issue where test annotations would timeout based on when the module was loaded instead of when the test started

0.1.4 - 2013-12-14

  • Make verification runs time bounded with a configurable timeout

0.1.3 - 2013-05-03

  • Bugfix: Stateful testing behaved incorrectly with subclassing.
  • Complex number support
  • support for recursive strategies
  • different error for hypotheses with unsatisfiable assumptions

0.1.2 - 2013-03-24

  • Bugfix: Stateful testing was not minimizing correctly and could throw exceptions.
  • Better support for recursive strategies.
  • Support for named tuples.
  • Much faster integer generation.

0.1.1 - 2013-03-24

  • Python 3.x support via 2to3.
  • Use new style classes (oops).

0.1.0 - 2013-03-23

  • Introduce stateful testing.
  • Massive rewrite of internals to add flags and strategies.

0.0.5 - 2013-03-13

  • No changes except trying to fix packaging

0.0.4 - 2013-03-13

  • No changes except that I checked in a failing test case for 0.0.3 so had to replace the release. Doh

0.0.3 - 2013-03-13

  • Improved a few internals.
  • Opened up creating generators from instances as a general API.
  • Test integration.

0.0.2 - 2013-03-12

  • Starting to tighten up on the internals.
  • Change API to allow more flexibility in configuration.
  • More testing.

0.0.1 - 2013-03-10

  • Initial release.
  • Basic working prototype. Demonstrates idea, probably shouldn’t be used.